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What is proof and proving?
Add Your Comments  Question by: MUGHAL1 On 08 August 2011
Comments by: Mughal1 On 08 August 2011Report Abuse
I think, before we start examining religion we need to know why we need to do so and how we may do so. We also need to understand some terms normally used and their proper context and perhaps a bit of explanation as regard logic that we think we are using.  
We need to examine religion because in one sense or another it is a major and fundamental cause of conflict in the world. The conflict is not between countries, cities and villages only but even between the members of the very same family eg if some members of family hold one religion or sect true the others hold a different religion or sect true and battles are fought over it. All this because we have not understood religion as to what it really is and what it stands for and how it came about. I hope together we are going to help each other clarify this situation for the good of our own very selves.  
Before we actually talk about religion, we need to understand what the truth is? What a theory is, what a hypothesis is, what is meant by evidence, logic, axiom, fact, proof, the way of proving and actual proving. We will explain things as we go along because they are far too many to be talked about in one place.  
Theory means an assumed best explanation of a given set of facts or assumptions. If the explanation is the best available and is based upon facts and works, it proves the theory is valid otherwise it is proven invalid ie it just remains an assumed explanation or mere hypothetical explanation of a set of hypothesis or self evident facts that does not work. This is the reason the saying goes, the proof of the pudding is in the eating. That is the pudding is cooked for the purpose of eating but unless all its necessary ingredients are used and are used properly and the cooking is also done properly, it would not be enjoyed by those who are supposed to eat it. Instead it would be thrown out and so it would prove it was not a good pudding. On the other hand, if it all turns out alright then it would end up something that people would enjoy eating and thus it would have served its purpose and proven its worth.  
Before the pudding is actually cooked one needs to know the theory and the related facts ie one needs to know how the pudding is made and what things are involved in it. The theory is merely an assumption till it is used to produce the result in practice. Thus the theory would now be known as a fact because it has passed the practical=logical test. Let us explain it in another way, if a person claims to be a good cook, how can he prove that he really is a good cook or how can we know that he is really what he says? The answer is, either he or we come up with a testing method and if the claimant passes that test, we accept the claim. For example, in this case we devise a cooking test and allow the person to show his cooking skills. If he cooks things as he claims, he proves himself to us. If he messes up things instead, his claim of being a good cook falls apart ie it is disproven.  
Hypothesis also means an assumption or guess but this time we are not guessing an explanation of self evident facts but merely guessing a new fact for verification in addition to already known facts. For example, I want to meet my next door neighbour but I do not know whether he is in or away out. I see that lights are on in his house and can hear that music is playing etc etc, so based upon this evidence I assume=guess, he is at home. In order to verify my this assumption I may go and knock at his door to see if he is really inside the house. So I go and knock at his door and he comes and opens the door thus my assumption proves true or correct ie my interpretation of the available evidence is proven right. Had he not been at home, my guess would have proven wrong. Not all situations and circumstances in life are that simple rather a lot of times we just walk along and clues keep us proving or disproving about our ultimate assumptions or conjectures. It is because some processes take longer than we live to complete. The ancient man living in cave could assume we will one day reach moon but he would have to live this long and see how it all happened over the ages. What I am explaining is the situation that some processes complete in a very short time and others in a very long time and yet others may take for ever and beyond. In a short journey we come quickly to end result so we can see we were right or wrong but when it comes to any very long journey, we just look at landmarks or clues along the way to see if we are still on the right road or have we gone off the track at some point in our journey towards our goal.  
Many a time we suggest each other, let us be logical but the question is, what is logic? Logic simply put is a statement, a thought, a fact, a step or a link with a definite place in sequence or combination of things that work as a set or unit that has a purpose to fulfil. In other words, logic is a mechanism whereby objects, thoughts or actions are interconnected so that they function properly in order to achieve a set out purpose or bring about the end product. If the end product is achievable or is achieved the logic is sound otherwise not.  
Mechanism eg leavers, links, wheels, gears, pulleys, belts, chains, shafts etc etc are interconnected in such a way as to serve a purpose. Take a bike as an example. The mechanism is designed for a set purpose eg for a person to travel from one place to another a bit faster and easier than walking or running. However, force that is used by a person to move it needs to be transferred from the rider of the bike to the bike wheels in a desired way. So the person must be linked to the bike wheels by a set of mechanical linkages. If all links are properly connected to each other for this purpose ie for transfer of force the bike will work otherwise it would not. This is logic at work in two respects a ) in the sense that things are connected together ie they are combined to work as one unit or a single mechanism b ) they are connected in a proper order or sequence ie each thing is in its place. If any two things in this chain of mechanism were not linked together at all or properly, the force that rider applies will not find its way to turn the wheels and the bike would not work thereby proving inconsistency or fault in this mechanism. The other example that comes to my mind is that suppose, you want to take water from the tap to the plants in your garden by using a hose then this hose needs to be sound for this purpose. If it is cut off at any place from the tap to the garden, the water will fail to flow through it to the point you want it to and thus it will fail to fulfil its desired purpose.  
Our thoughts and actions also need to be interconnected in a similar manner to show that there is no flaw in our reasoning of things. Just as any mechanical part of the bike connected wrongly, missing or damaged would not allow the bike to function nor would any flaw in our reasoning or logic prove our point. So logic is merely the linkage which could be linking things or their thoughts and actions for a set purpose eg to prove a claim or to make a point. Logic is only and only combinational or sequential ie it is about putting things together as a single functioning unit and about putting things in their proper order that works. If some things are left out or put in wrong order of sequence then they will not work and so the purpose that was set out for the exercise will not be achieved.  
Another important term often used by us is, proof. We ask each other, what is your proof for your claim or prove this or that etc etc but we do not give a thought to, what the proof actually is, so the question is what is proof? The answer, a proof is called a proof because it is evident and is complete, perfect or consistent with the allegedly claimed purpose ie it has no holes, imperfections, faults or missing bits in it and is obvious therefore it fulfils the claimed or stated purpose. For example, when we say something is fireproof, what do we mean by it? We mean, it does not catch fire. It is perfect for the purpose of not burning when exposed to fire or that fire cannot find any holes in it to get to it or through it. Word waterproof likewise means that water cannot penetrate the thing that is said to be waterproof, if it does then the thing is not waterproof, for it is damaged or flawed. A claim is only a word, a statement or an assertion and proof is the logical connection between the claim and the allegedly supporting evidence which if found consistent then proves the claim otherwise the claim remains an unproven claim. For example, if one claims to be a plumber then that is only his word but if he could show his claimed plumbing skills in practice then that would prove his claim. However, if he fails to show his claimed skills in practice then that would prove his claim unproven and therefore false or incorrect.  
A proof is a reliable testimony of a witness=certified or approved evidence after thorough examination. It is a testimony that has been found free of all faults and flaws, having no contradictions within and with respect to self evident related facts and is perfect for the purpose of showing the connection between the claim and the supporting evidence ie it backs the claim. A qualified plumber will be given a certificate by a qualified teacher or authority stating that this person fulfils the requirements of being a competent plumber because this fact has been witnessed by the attester. However, the plumber will be tested for his plumbing skills again and again wherever he goes for a job, just to make sure he has not forged the certificate himself or that he has not forgotten the skill etc etc. He will be given and kept on a job only and only if he keeps on proving himself to the employer and the customer or consumer he is serving, or as soon as employer or customer sees him lacking in what is required of him, he will be told to go home.  
The question now is, how do we use logic to prove a claim? Let us take for an example a witness, who claims that he saw a man who took out his gun from his pocket and shot another man twice in the head killing him instantly. The question is, is this witness telling us the truth? Well we need to test his sequential logic against itself as well as against his own combinational logic. What do I mean by that? By that I mean that we will see whether the sequences of events in the incident as told by this witness are actually possible or not? If the sequence of events is correct, the claim passes the first hurdle or else not. If the sequence did not make sense to begin with, we will know straightaway that the witness is mistaken or is lying, for he has failed the very first hurdle. What I mean by sequence is that suppose one has to go from a place called A to a place called B but this involves ten breaks in the journey. Some part of journey is may be by air, some by train, some by bus and some by ship etc etc. Now one needs to make sure that one is on time for each part of one's journey or missing any linked journey will result the person not being able to reach the destination that one set out to reach on time. Earlier I explained how force must get from one point to the other by means of mechanical linkages in case of a bike or water from a tap to the garden by means of a hose or pipe. The whole idea is to ensure that the chain of events is complete or the story would not make the sense the way it is supposed to according to its claimed purpose.  
Next we look for things involved in the incident eg the killer, the victim, the murder weapon etc etc etc. If we find all these things then we check them out eg examine the dead body for bullet holes, take out bullets and match them with the gun (the murder weapon) and check out the gun for the fingerprints of the user for example. Once we have all these things, we lay them out together in an orderly manner to show the connection between them eg the killer will be connected to the gun by way of clues like fingerprints. The gun will be connected to the bullets (we recovered from the victim's body) by way of ballistics tests and so one will be able to see clearly that the witness is telling the truth and thus case will be proven against the accused. On the other hand, if our evidence was patchy with a bit missing from here and a bit missing from there or was contradictory, we will not be able to prove the reliability of the witness ie the logical sequence or combination would have in it some steps or bits missing or contradicting each other, making little or no sense at all. Evidence is called evidence because it is obvious mentally as rationally clear thing or physically as linkages connected together properly, hence one cannot call just anything evidence, it truly has to be evident. Likewise proof is called a proof because all the logical links in it are complete ie nothing is missing. Proving is all about showing logical connection between the claim and the allegedly supporting evidences as claimed by a witness of an incidence or is about explaining the available circumstantial evidences in a way that they cannot be refuted or falsified by an alternative explanation.  
It is also important to realise at this stage that if there exists no way to prove a claim, then claim will not be treated as proven even if the claim may be true as a possibility. It is because as far as we are concerned, if there is no way of doing something then it cannot be done. If something can be done then there has to be a way to do it. However, the burden of proof, the way of proving and actual proving rests with the claimant. It is for others to examine whether the way of proving put forth works or not and whether the evidence put forth as a proof is reliable or not and so the claim has been proven or not. One thing is important though that judgement must be impartial or fair ie according to the presented evidence. It is impossible to twist the reliable evidence hence those who would decide against the presented reliable evidence and its only explanation will be providing evidence against themselves for being partial and unfair. Moreover, today it may be somebody else who you are judging but tomorrow it could be you who is being judged by somebody else, so better have a system that you would feel comfortable with when things go wrong for you.  
I had to explain all this because most of the time it seems that we have problems with the definition of terms like absolute truth, proven truth, probable truth, possible truth, theory, hypothesis, axiom, philosophy, assumption, logic, fact, evidence and proof etc etc as well as with the interrelation between them. This is exactly what leads us to confusion about things when it comes to judging the issues for their truth. For example, the truth is categorised into four different categories a) absolute truth, b) proven truth, c) probable truth and d) possible truth. The absolute truth is called an axiom, which is self evident and self explanatory therefore is common experience or if you like universal. In other words that is how far we can be sure of something or an event or a phenomenon etc etc. For example, it is absolutely true that there is such a thing called the sun in the sky. It is also absolutely true that the sun is a globe and that it is hot and that it is at a distance from the earth. It is not possible for anyone to deny these facts because all this is a universal experience and universally accepted fact not an individual’s personal experience. One person therefore cannot accuse another of any wrong doing eg that you must be imagining things or biased etc etc. This is why an axiom is the foundation against which all the rest has to be tested and proved or approved or even disproved or disapproved. Things that cannot be called universal experience or universally accepted cannot be called axioms or absolute truths. To put it in another way, how does one know that what one is sensing through one’s senses is truly out there and not just an imagination in one’s own mind? The answer is simple that one must have others as independent witnesses to the very same thing. If others also observe what one claims to observe then one is definitely not imagining things but that they really do exist or happen out there. That is so because we cannot see each others imaginations in each others minds. If a person claims to see a tree and others also observe the same phenomenon then existence of the tree is an indisputable reality external to one’s own mind. On the other and if only the claimant sees things and the others cannot then things do not necessarily have existence in reality rather they may exist in that person’s mind only. Thus it is possible to establish that something really exists or not in the real world. A point to note is that It is not always possible to prove even the things that really do exist never mind proving the things that are said to be non-physical ie that are not even physically evident or detectable directly or through means of technology. This is why we need some thing more than that fulfils our this need ie witness based proof.  
The next category of truth is that which is weaker than axiom but is stronger than any other form of knowledge and that is called the proven truth. The problem here is that just as axiom is a universal experience the proven truth is not. The proven truth is experience of some people that others only accept because it is proven to them beyond any reasonable doubt by way of a proof. The absolute proof is that which is witnessed by the testifier and the testimony proves to be true and reliable under test or cross examination. Again such a truth cannot be explained any other way nor denied, because the person who was absent from the event under question cannot contradict the person who allges to be present there and we have no way of disproving or falsifying that. The only thing that can prove the present person wrong is his own self conflicting statement or if it contradicts the related self evident facts, logic, axioms or things that are considered absolutely true beyond question. This is why we must and we do look for faults in the statements of a person who claims to be the first hand witness to a fact or an event or a phenomenon.  
The next category of truth is probable truth. This form of truth is not self evident nor there is any reliable witness to it. What one does in this case is, gathers as much as is possible the related clues or evidences and assumes as best an explanation as possible for them that one can come up with and accepts this truth on that basis. However, in this case, the best explanation is that which is not self contradictory nor contradicts proven or absolute facts and is well detailed but simple or easier to understand. This is the weakest form of proof hence it does not stand against proven truth nor against absolute truth. This is the mode of proof that is cited by the scientific community most of the time and is also called circumstantial evidence. I will say yet more about it but a bit later on.  
The next category of truth is, possible truth ie we cannot be sure about the truth of a matter one way or the other. Hence there is nothing to compel us to go one way or the other. In other words we could come across situations where the clues and explanations are equally valid or for that matter invalid hence we are free to believe or not to believe in the truth of the matter under consideration. So anything that does not fit the categorised truth is absolutely doubtful at least or even false at most.  
Word theory means an explanation and an explanation is about things or situations or events and phenomena, which is only needed where things could be misunderstood or may not even be understood at all in the absence of the absolute truth or the proven truth. Things that are clear to us do not need any explanation whatsoever eg we see a person die after being hit by a car. Since explanation is given in the absence of an actual experience or reliable first hand witness therefore it is bound to be an assumption ie it is circumstantial based rather than experience based or reliable first hand witness based. For example, if I saw a murder taking place right in front of me, I need no proof or explanation as to how it happened, because I know it. However, if I found a dead body and clues around it but no witness then I need to think out what might have happened here all by myself. I could be right as well as wrong, for this will be my assumption or if you like my guess or theory, not an actual or proven fact.  
So why a theory may end up as an acceptable or even accepted probable fact is, because it is the best possible explanation around for explaining the situation or the available evidences. Whatever explanation I assume about the dead body, I put it in front of everyone else along with the supporting evidences I gathered and they cross examine it. If they find nothing wrong with it or anything equally reliable against it, they would have no choice but to approve it, perhaps with further supporting evidences. The theory will stand for as long as it cannot be refuted, disproved or falsified. Hence to treat an accepted theory as mere an assumption is incorrect and a very serious mistake. Science is all about finding out about things or their aspects that are unknown to us. Maths is best example of that eg a=lb ie area of a rectangle equals length of its longer side multiplied by the length of its shorter side. So those who dismiss science are far from being called knowledgeable people. Anyway this is what makes the accepted theory different from a mere hypothesis or just a guess. It is because just a guess is not as good as a guess that is the best explanation of the available circumstantial evidences.  
Most of the time word theory is used in sense of an explanation but at times it is used in its proper sense ie the best available explanation. It is best because it cannot be rivalled, refuted or falsified. If it could be rivalled or refuted then it would not be the best, would it? Thus a theory even though a hypothesis differs from hypothesis because hypothesis is merely a guess that may or may not be true whereas an accepted theory is held true and it remains true for as long as we do not have anything to refute or replace it with. Many a time people use terms like absolute, proven and probable interchangeably when it comes to expressing truth about something but that is a serious mistake in technical terms but those who already have knowledge about these things they know what one is talking about, because probable truth is not as true as the absolute truth or proven truth. Likewise the weaker evidence is not good enough to refute the stronger evidence.  

Comments by: moazzam On 08 August 2011 Edit Delete
Thank you Mr Mughal to clarify the important terminologies normally used in proving right and wrong specially in DEEN VS RELIGION.

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Kinldy define Soratul NAAS and Soratul Falak... Question by: Umair_Hamidani From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 25/03/2010
Salamunalaikum Respected Br. D. Qamar Zaman. Brother you are truely Qamar Zaman .I am not over praising but it is fact your work shows that. Alhamdulillah. Can you present us your understanding of Sura 10. verse 92. Question by: abdullahbashoeb From INDIA (HYDERBAD) On 28/03/2010
AOA dear Dr Qamar, Does the surah 105 relates to the event of Abraha as qouted in traditional tafasir , if yes then how that event reached us? If not then who were 'ashabi alfeel' بِأَصْحَابِ الْفِيلِ ? Wassalam Question by: Anwer Suri From UNITED STATES On 30/03/2010
Dear Mr. Aurangzaib/ Dr. Qamar Zaman: Kindly define soratul aadiyat (sora # 100).... Question by: Adnan Khan On 03/04/2010
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Dear Dr.Qamarzaman regards, thankyou very much to enlighten us at AL-BAQARA,kindly complet this topic by including the verse 2/71alongwith the verse2/67---70 (new horison for us).plz enlighten the bani israeel,yahood and nasara. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 07/04/2010
Dr. Qamarzaman regards,kindly enlighten us the verse 33/40. thanks Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 12/04/2010
Salam...................Surah-e-furqan ayat 32 ko define krdain. Question by: UMAR HUSSAIN On 15/04/2010
Dear Dr. sahib slam, Does verse 4 of sura14 prove that messenger is always present in every nation ? May God bless u . thanks. Question by: Hafiz Abdullah From PAKISTAN (RAWALPINDI) On 24/04/2010
Dr. Qamar sahib regards,The term "malakat aimanukum" and verses 4/3,23/6 are now clear to me.But i hv a query,when consolidate verses 4/24,4/25 it seems conditional permission to merry with "malakat aimanukum" also the verse 33/52 looks like same. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 30/04/2010
Could u please explain what is the meaning of the verses 36-39 of sura Tauba/Ultimatum (Barã'at) ( 9/36-37 )? Question by: Hafiz Abdullah From PAKISTAN (RAWALPINDI) On 30/04/2010
Could u please explain what is the meaning of the verses 2:72-74 ? Question by: Hafiz Abdullah From PAKISTAN (RAWALPINDI) On 30/04/2010
Dr. sahib regards,as u mensioned "yajooj majooj" are the anti islamic ideological forces.If "Zulqarnains"story from verse 18/93-99 is in metaphoric way ,then it neads quranic justification also consolidate 21/95-97.plz solve the query. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 03/05/2010
Dear Dr. Qamar Zaman Sb / Aurangzaib Sb. SA Please explain the meaning in detail of two ayats of surah baqra 259 and 260 in urdu but in english type. 2- What is mano-salwa Dr. M.Alam Question by: From INDIA (DELHI) On 08/05/2010
Salamunalaikum Respected Br Dr Qamar Zaman, And Respected AurangZaib. Can you give us your precious understanding of Sur 9 Tauba verse 5and 36. it is very important we were discussing them. Fee amanillah Question by: abdullahbashoeb From INDIA (HYDERBAD) On 12/05/2010
Dear all, there are 2 schools thought, one says "first know the truth then believe", and the other says " first believe only then will you be able to know the truth". I belong to the first and struggling, someone please explain to me surah tehrim. Question by: nadeem On 29/05/2010
Dr. Qamar sahib regards,although the meanings of words in quranic verses could be selective as per context.But u hv taken 2 different meaning of LAIL,DULOOK used in the verse 17/78 in HAQEEQAT E SOAM &HAQEEQAT E SALAT. Same query a Ali haider's. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 04/06/2010
Dr. Qamar zaman and all Assalam o alaikum.Food for thought ,Thought is related to the tafseer al quran by Dr Qamar sahib,plz read and comment. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 23/06/2010
dear dr qamar zaman i have just come to know that ou are writing the tafseer based translation of quran .i am waiting for it anxiously.plz let me know until when will it be available on the website?God bless you Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 28/06/2010
Dr. Qamar and Aurangzeb Bhai Regards!!!!!!!!!! I have to ask a question regarding 10:92 verse of Quran, due to shortage of space I am explaining my question by giving a comment on it. Thanks Question by: ali.haideer From PAKISTAN (LARKANA) On 02/07/2010
Due to shortage of space i am writing my question in remakrs. Kindly answer it. Question by: Dr. Samreen Mohsin From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 02/07/2010
Aslamoalikum Dr Qamar Zaman: I have come some questions which I want to ask regarding Chapter 27 that is Soreh Namal. I am giving my questions below in comments Question by: ali.haideer From PAKISTAN (LARKANA) On 18/07/2010
Dear Dr. Qamarzaman regards,kindly elaborate the verse 17/16.thanks Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 27/07/2010
Respected Dr. Qamar sahab regards,if meanings of NISA is taken as the weaker persons of the society ,and RAJJAL means men,then kindly elaborate the verse 4/98.Plz also explain the verse 7/81,keeping in view the verse 3/14 Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 21/09/2010
Aslamoalikum Respected Dr. Qamar Zaman Sahab, I want to ask a question and I hope you will reply me soon and will clear my doubts.I am explaining my question below by giving comment on it. Question by: Nadeem_Akhtar From PAKISTAN On 23/09/2010
Salamun Alaykum I would like to ask the following question regarding SURAH 2 VERSE 3 especially this part: Alladhina y’uminina bilghaib - those persons who believe in the unseen;” What is really meant by the unseen? Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 05/10/2010
Salamun Alaykum Can someone kindly explain if this translation is correct. And if correct, whats the purpose? 2:228 After divorce, women shall wait three menstruations before remarriage. Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 23/10/2010
Dr.Sb / Auranzaib sb. SAK Plz explain seven ayats of surah Al. Haqqah 69/40-46 Question by: From INDIA (DELHI) On 23/10/2010
Dear Dr. Qamarzaman,Brother Aurangzaib :Regards,In the light of your " Food for thought" related to surah feel(105) ,It seems that this debate was held with QOUM E LOOT and concluded as Surah Feel describs.Fpr details plz read my comments. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 24/11/2010
Dear Dr. Qamar Sb. Kindly explain sura recited for SAFAR (Travelling) Question by: Saad Haider On 26/11/2010
dr sahib aap hamar salam ho god bless u every time but aap jo translation kr rahy umeed ha muslam us pr itfaak kr ly gy inshallaha.... Question by: abbas From PAKISTAN (LAHORE) On 27/11/2010
Dear all, what do you believe is the CORRECT interpretation of 24:30-31 where believing men and women are told to "yagudduu absaariheem wa yahfathuu furujahum"? Question by: Damon From UNITED STATES (PITTSBURGH) On 11/12/2010
What does the following verse denote? He is the Lord of two Easts and two Wests what is the meaning of this? Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 07/02/2011
Here is the some of the translation of the Quran by Aidid Safar, maybe Aastana family would like to read:- Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 07/02/2011
What is the law of Absolute Right? Question by: Zubair From UNITED STATES (WASHINGTON) On 07/02/2011
Dear All, how many unbiased western ( Non Muslim ) researchers have decoded Quran as it has to be? If Any ? Question by: Mubashir Syed From INDIA (HYDERABAD) On 10/03/2011
What is the meaning in 39:42? Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 24/03/2011
Salaam to all. Dr. Qamar I hope you are in the best of your health, if possible please give a draft translation/understanding of Surah Al-Takweer 81. Moazam bhai or Badar or Aurangzaib bhai or anyone. Mujazee or Haqeeqi. thanX in advance. Question by: Iqbal kay shaheen From NAMIBIA (WALVIS BAY) On 10/05/2011
DHULQARNAIN ASKED 61:6 giving the good news of a Messenger who will come after me, his name being Ahmad. But when he came to them with clear arguments, they said: This is clear enchantment. Who is Ahmed? Who is the.. "he"? Question by: Nargis-Badshah-Salamat From FIJI (FAUJI) On 31/05/2011
Dear Dr. Qamar Sb. Kia Quran men jahan "AL" lagey hai un ka matlab khaas hojaata hai. Mene yeh sawal buhut dinon ki confusion ke baad poocha hai. Like 3/14,16/8 Question by: waseemameer From AUSTRALIA (SYDNEY) On 31/05/2011
Dear Brs. and Srs at Aastana: Please share your understanding about 4:163 and 17:55, paying special attention to the last parts of these verses and the relationship these may have with the other respective parts of the verses. Question by: dawood On 09/06/2011
Dear Moazzam and Members Please explain soorah Alqaariah (101). Question by: Saeed From PAKISTAN (KARACHI(MSAEEDTAJ@GMAIL.COM)) On 13/06/2011
Dear Brother Moazzam! kindly define RATAL as you are very frequently using this term "wa rattil al Qurana tarteela"Thanks, the prompt response will be appreciated. Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 22/06/2011
Quran said to prophet as Rehmatal lil aalameen. Please explain. Question by: Saeed From PAKISTAN (KARACHI(MSAEEDTAJ@GMAIL.COM)) On 23/06/2011
Brother Moazzam, can you please explain Jaloot taloot in detail :P???? Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 30/06/2011
Dear Moazzam Bhai, Please explain sora e Ikhlas. Question by: Saeed From PAKISTAN (KARACHI(MSAEEDTAJ@GMAIL.COM)) On 01/07/2011
Please explain 22/36-37 Question by: From INDIA (DELHI) On 14/07/2011
Salaam; Brother Moazzam, Please explain (in detail) the true concept behind the following verses; Question by: Junaid From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 14/07/2011
Dear Brother Moazzam : Kindly enlighten us about the attrebute "ABU LAHAB" described in Surah 111, as you said,ABU LAHAB is a character not A specific personality.THANKS Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 16/07/2011
Salam to All: where are MOAZZAR, AURANGZAIB, DR. SB. ADNAN, and more ???? kindly let me know any ayat where Allah has mentioned to do good deed for HUMAN BEING instead of himself or good deed to human being = Allah's consent. Question by: Dr. Samreen Mohsin From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 22/07/2011
Dear Moazzam and members, Please explain 2/180-181 Question by: waseemameer From AUSTRALIA (SYDNEY) On 25/07/2011
Dear Brother Moazzam. Please Translate Sura Al-Feel (الفیل). and elaborate who is "ashab ul feel" and what is the mistake of ashab ul feel. Question by: abbas From PAKISTAN (LAHORE) On 25/07/2011
Dear All, Why God choose language to pass his message(Quran in Arabic, Bible in Hebrew etc). It should be for each era and for every one, like air,water,sun and universal laws.Please enlighten. Question by: Saeed From PAKISTAN (KARACHI(MSAEEDTAJ@GMAIL.COM)) On 26/07/2011
Respected Sir, Would you be kind enough for me to please explain the meanings of verse No.69 to 83 of Sura Hud (11) ? Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 04/08/2011
When Dr.qamar sb, u will translate whole Quran? Question by: ashfaq From CANADA (ETOBICOKE) On 07/08/2011
The Short Interpretation of The Quran by Mughal1 Question by: Mughal1 From UNITED KINGDOM On 07/08/2011
Quranic Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 17/08/2011
Dear Sir, Certain Sura's of Quran begin with "Haroof-e-Muqatteaat" such as " Alaf-laam-meem" (2/1) " Yaa-Seen" (36/1) etc. Please describe what your research about these "words" ?., Which commandants these words attributed to ? Regards, M.Aslam Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 27/08/2011
Dear All: Can someone please define "what is the core message" of the Quran in the light of the Quran? How many components it may have? Which verses can show the various components of this core message? thanks. Question by: dawood On 01/09/2011
The South African Quran Conference Question by: ardee From SOUTH AFRICA (CAPE TWON) On 08/09/2011
Dear Brs. and Srs: Please refer to 2:34 and 2:35. " And behold, We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam" and they bowed down. Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: He was of those who reject Faith. (2:34)" , continued next... Question by: dawood On 18/09/2011
Brother Moazzam ! As there are many strange creatures at earth why Allah pointed out only CAMEL being a strange creature in universe, see the verse 88/17 أَفَلَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ Question by: Mujeeb From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 11/10/2011
Brothe Moazzam Please enlighten us about the verse 100/6 إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ Truly man is, to his Lord, ungrateful Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 13/10/2011
Brother Moazzam and Aastana members: Can you please explain the spider's house(web) as Allah quoted it as the weakest house(the web, whereas scientifically it is strongest one? Read the comments for details. Question by: Mujeeb From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 18/10/2011
ASA. What would you say is the grammatical distinction in the meanings of Muslim (مُسْلِمْ), muslimaan (مُسْلِمَانْ) and Suleman (سُلَيْمَان), given that they all have the same root? Thanks in advance. Question by: Dr Shiraz From NORWAY (OSLO) On 18/10/2011
Brother Moazzam: Please enlighten us about the verse 16/66, where Allah said "MILK EXTRACTS from the cattle's body between the blood and their dung.Whereas Medical science takes it as a separate system with no relation with blood and dung? Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 19/10/2011
Brother Moazzam! Please enlighten us about the bounties mentioned in Surah Rehman, are these for this world or in life after death, if for this world then what does the verse حُورٌ مَّقْصُورَاتٌ فِي الْخِيَامِ72 mean? Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 26/10/2011
Dear sir, Please elaborate 27/44 =.......قِيلَ لَهَا ادْخُلِي الصَّرْحَ ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْهُ حَسِبَتْهُ لُجَّةً وَكَشَفَتْ عَنْ سَاقَيْهَا ۚ Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 31/10/2011
SALAM to all respected members of Aastana Blog, Please elaborate focal point of "Divine Guidance" for humankind with reference to Quranic Verses, the status , whereat , Quran wants to see its followers. Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 03/11/2011
Dear Sir I mean , extract of Quranic educations...We want know, what we have to do..,followin which we can attain the status described as (وَأَنْتُمُ الْأَعْلَوْنَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ (3:139 Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 04/11/2011
Aslamoalikum: Here are few links of Javeed Ahmed Ghamdi, he says that Ghulam Ahmed Perveez was not knowing Arabic language and he used Arabic lexicons to support his ideas and Arabs even don't know those meanings. Read my comments. Question by: ali.haideer From PAKISTAN (LARKANA) On 07/11/2011
Salam to All, Please explain 6/82 .( الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُمْ بِظُلْمٍ أُولَئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُمْ مُهْتَدُونَ ) Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 08/11/2011
Who is saying what is 12:71? The grammatical form suddenly changes from "They said" to "I am". Guidende appreciated. Question by: Dr Shiraz From NORWAY (OSLO) On 08/11/2011
Salaam to all, Could you please translate, Surah Al-Fajr and provide your stand word for word. specially 89:27 Nafse Mutmaina, and 89:22 Wa jaa Rabukaa wal malaku safaan saffa. How does your meanings of malaikaa (influencial) people fits in here. Question by: Iqbal kay shaheen From NAMIBIA (WALVIS BAY) On 09/11/2011
Dr.Qamarzaman; translation of verse 2/286.Kindly explain the word “RABBANA”, how اے پروردگار could be fitted here, whereas all the matters in the said verse has been settled through مملکت الہی Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 10/11/2011
Brother Moazzam: If "JINNS" are one of the category of Human being then what does verses 55/14-15 mean " And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire"?? Question by: Mujeeb From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 23/11/2011
Dear Sir, Please explain 30/2-3-4 & 9/118 . Are these historical events? & should we be familiar with history to understand Quran ?. Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 26/11/2011
Some verses end with "for those who use wisdom(yaʿqilūna/taʿqilūna)",,, Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 29/11/2011
یَوۡمَ یُکۡشَفُ عَنۡ سَاقٍ وَّ یُدۡعَوۡنَ اِلَی السُّجُوۡدِ فَلَا یَسۡتَطِیۡعُوۡنَ ﴿068:042﴾‏ ‏ What does this verse mean , Sir. Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 01/12/2011
What does the verse(68/42) mean, Sir? Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 01/12/2011
Please explain 114:1-6 Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 04/12/2011
Brother moazzam, please explain 36:12 imamin mubeen Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 13/12/2011
Meaning of NAFS (نفس) are different like (NAFS-e-Ammara and NAFS-e-lawwama), what is the difference please explaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin :D Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 04/01/2012
Plz explain 86:6-8 Question by: Nargis2 From TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (TOMBACCO) On 15/01/2012
May I draw your attention to isue of constitution, please! Question by: Mughal1 From UNITED KINGDOM On 17/01/2012
Brother Moazzam: Now a days in battle field the tanks are being used instead of horses. Please enlighten us about this verse100 :1 وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا . Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 18/01/2012
Online resources for all to use: Lexicons, Dictionaries and books regarding Arabic Grammar Question by: William From UNITED KINGDOM On 18/01/2012
Respected Dear Moazzam; please explain ayat # 04 of sura -e-Nisa.... Question by: Saad Haider On 26/01/2012
ISLAM V ISLAM WHY? What are reasons for divisions and what can be basis for unity? Question by: Mughal1 From UNITED KINGDOM On 29/01/2012
Dear Members: As we see, there are many animals on earth those are very strange in creature, then why Allah emphasized at CAMEL being the most strange animal refer to verse 88/17 ?????? Question by: Mujeeb From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 06/02/2012
Dear Sir , Please give in detail , meanings of 22/ 1-2 Question by: M Aslam From PAKISTAN (GOJRA) On 28/02/2012
Dear readers, sharing a post from FB, the traditional view on 4:34 vs Astana's version. plz correct mistakes Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 10/03/2012
Brother Moazzam, Asstana members: Allah created all living-being including DONKEY,MONKEY AND PIGS,why Allah mentioned these animals as a similitude of the worst people. Are these really the worst animals amongst other animal kingdom. Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 28/03/2012
how i download this translation to read it with out net Question by: owaisok From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 29/04/2012
Can Any One Translate This In Quran 17:1 Question by: maklewis123 From INDIA (JEDDAH) On 24/05/2012
Dear, Q. Zaman: Quran Arabic Language main nazil hoa, Arab main bhi wesa hi islam hai jaisa hamaray han. Sir, Rozay (Som) wo bhi wese hi rakhtay hain jese k ham,kia wo rozo, namaz, haj etc. ka mafhoom nahi samjhay jb k Quran unki hi zaban main hai. Question by: smusman From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 27/06/2012
Salaam. Given that the message always has been the same, what is your suggested understanding of verse 11:17 where the orthodox translation says "and before it was book of Moses" ? Question by: J. Malik From PAKISTAN (LAHORE) On 21/07/2012
Dr.Sahab, When Sura Al-Ahzab remaining translation is available. Since it is long time Ayat-40 translation is on the site. Mozam Sahab can you please give your input on the issue. Regards. Aamir. Question by: aamiralwaz From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 03/09/2012
Quran Surah 2, Ayaat 30-39 Question by: Damon From UNITED STATES (PITTSBURGH) On 22/09/2012
إِن كان المراد ببسم "الكتاب" لماذا قال كلمة "بسم " مجروراً؟ Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 25/09/2012
SALAAM, PLEASE EXPLAINE 43 :36 WHO IS قَرِين ? Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 29/09/2012
Salam can anyone plz give the meaning of "aahad" Question by: Maniza From DENMARK (COPENHAGEN) On 25/11/2012
Dear Moazzam Bhai,Salam, Jannat agar Quranic state hai to isme hamesha rehne ka matlab kya hai? Question by: Mohd Danish From INDIA (SAHARANPUR) On 25/01/2013
Dear Moazzam Bhai,Salam, Jannat agar Quranic state hai to isme hamesha rehne ka matlab kya hai? Question by: Mohd Danish From INDIA (SAHARANPUR) On 25/01/2013
salam. What is divine commencements in Quran? Question by: maideen5 From MALAYSIA (KUALA LUMPUR) On 06/02/2013
Salam ,pls Explain 19: 28 Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 12/02/2013
salaam Dr sahib pls Explain " Innee vajathuha va kowmaha yasjudoona lissamsi" What is the sujood lissamsi Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 13/02/2013
Dear Moazzam sb, pls can u explain the (21:58), "Then he broke them all into pieces, sparing only the supreme one among them that they may possibly return to him".... what broken ... what let spare.? Question by: sajjad hussain From SAUDI ARABIA (JEDDAH) On 14/02/2013
Dearest all Salaam. Please elaborate on the meanings/understanding of 6:108 and 5:116. Will really appreciate it. Question by: Iqbal kay shaheen From NAMIBIA (WALVIS BAY) On 18/02/2013
Moazzam bhai salaam,Imaan Kufr ka opposite hai,kufr ka meaning inkar karna hai fir Imaan ka meaning Aman kaise hai wo to Maan lena hona chahiye. Question by: Mohd Danish From INDIA (SAHARANPUR) On 24/02/2013
Dr Sahib Salaam. pls Explain 24:2 and 24:4 مائة جلدة and ثمانين جلدة Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 27/02/2013
God, a proven fact or a mere fiction? Question by: Mughal1 From UNITED KINGDOM On 02/03/2013
Dear All see verse 54:18 How can someone deny AADUN? Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 09/03/2013
Dr sir pls explain minimum 1-25 verses in soora yousuf in English Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 13/03/2013
Explanation of the whole quran in urdu by allaama ghulam ahmed parwez. Also need for dimaagh, hawaas, quran, hadith, fiqh, itiba, itaat, ijma and qayaas explained in urdu. Question by: Mughal1 From UNITED KINGDOM On 14/03/2013
Hey everyone, I found a note on that said that the English translation by Dr Qamar Zaman of the Qur'an is available as a PDF, but I am unable to find it on the site (my Urdu's lacking). Help please? Question by: noman From UNITED STATES (CLIFFWOOD) On 17/12/2013
One more question, over at the Ourbeacon forum Syed Ijlal Hussain has accused Dr Qamar Zaman of declaring Prophet Muhammad as not being the last messenger. Don't mean to fan flames, but again, my Urdu's lacking. Can someone confirm please? Thanks. Question by: noman From UNITED STATES (CLIFFWOOD) On 17/12/2013
Dr.Sahab salam,21/91 me Hazrat Maryam ke liye Fiha ka pronoun aya hai jabki 66/12 me Fihi ka pronoun aya hai.Plz isko samjha den. Question by: Mohd Danish From INDIA (SAHARANPUR) On 25/12/2013
Mehrbani karke sufi ke bare me batyen kay sufi islam ke dushman they? Question by: Saleem Ahmed Shaikh From INDIA (AURANGABAD) On 05/01/2014
Dear Moazzam sir,regards, Sir Quran me kain places par na ki pronoun use huyee hai joki first person ki plural hai jaise 2/3 me hai razaq na hum.Yahan na(we) se murad kaun hai?kya khaliq e kaynat? Question by: Mohd Danish From INDIA (SAHARANPUR) On 09/04/2014
Salam.Is there a Translation of Quran in English By Dr Qamar Zaman.?I have read the translation in English by Mughal 1 . Your feedback highly appreciated. Question by: ashukorkc From MALAYSIA (SELANGOR) On 20/10/2014
Re verse no 92 Allah n Malaika are translated as understood by previous translators implying that here they are actually meant as sky bound god and angels Question by: saleem From INDIA (CHENNAI) On 07/11/2014
Dear members Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/07/2017
Assalamualikum dear all, I am new to aastana ... I saw some videos of Dr Qamar Zaman. Can anyone give me a link where I can find an english translation of the holy Quran bty Dr. Qamar Zaman? Question by: Amimul Ehsan Emon From BANGLADESH (DHAKA) On 28/05/2019
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