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Respected Dr Qamar Zaman Sahab,  
I heartly request you please explain the meaning of "Itaate-Rasool" with reference to Quran.  
Add Your Comments  Question by: REHAN_KHAN On 12 October 2010
Comments by: moazzam On 13 October 2010
Dear Rehan Khan: The orthodox interpreter garbled the the quranic term " ATIEULLAHA WA ATIE ARRASOOL" by creating their own term QURAN O HADITH (QURAN O SUNNAT).To know the fact you must ponder into the quran, plz see the verse 4/64 which clearly instruct the rasool to follow ALKITAB to legislate the society's laws in that era .Now come to the verse 4/80 ,which describes that,if you want to follow the ALKITAB you must follow the state"s (rasool)laws derived from ALKITAB.Now come to the verses where ATIEULLAHA WA ATIEURRASOOL came at 17 different places in quran some of them are 9/71,48/17,33/71,24/52,4/69,4/13,33/66 the context itself explain the matter under question.Now come to the verse WATTAQULLAHA WA ATIE URRASOOL as in verses 3/50,64/16 and in verses 26/108---179 it means keeping the sense of quranic term ITTAQILLAH you must follow the rasool of the time (the state laws derived from ALKITAB ). If we understood ,ATIULLAHA WA ATIE ARRASOOL WA ULILAMRE MINKUM ,by focusing on the verses 4/58---69, the whole matter will be very clear,which means,to obey the officials of the state(ulilamr) those are responsible to implement the constitution of the state(rasool) based upon the DIVINE MESSAGE (ALLAH).

Comments by: Dr. Qamar Zaman On 13 October 2010
Dear Rehan  
There are two words which are confused together  
اطاعت and اتباع  
اطاعت means to obey  
اتباع means to follow  
Obeying is for some orders either a person with authority or a book ( not necessarily a divine book ) e.g. a constitution . But when we discuss Deen it is the Divine book . The  
essence in اطاعت is obeying even unwillingly .  
But اتباع is willfully following someone .  
Out of love and respect we may follow willfully the orders or try to be like someone . this is اتباع .  
But obeying is either of a living personality or orders .  

Comments by: aurangzaib On 13 October 2010Report Abuse
Brother Rehan Khan,  
Welcome back after that long absence.  
Although Moazzam Bhai has replied with necessary references; and Dr. Sahib has beautifully explained the subtle difference between the meanings of Itaa’at and Ittebaa’; yet, if I am not wrong, what you are asking about is much more than that.  
So, with Dr. Sahib’s permission (who may correct me where I am found wrong),  
I figure you have raised a crucial issue of Islamic Jurisprudence that must be explained in detail once for all as it forms the strongest argument in support of the justification of Hadith; and you know, Hadith is so important that the entire No.2 Islam rests on its foundations.  
It is actually a question of the extent and the jurisdiction of the Authority of Rasool taking into account the fact that THE ABSOLUTE AUTHORITY for obedience is that of Allah, the Almighty.  
THEN what do the following Verses mean :-  
1. Verse 4/59: Atee’ullaha wa atee’ur Rasool, wa oolil amr minkum  
(Obey Allah and Obey the Rasool and (Obey) those entrusted with authority amongst you).  
Question: Are there three separate authorities to be obeyed? Wouldn’t that create a chaos or confusion in administering/governing a society?  
2. Verse 4/80: Wa mun yuti’ir Rasoola fa qad ataa’allah.  
(And who obeyed the Rasool, he has obeyed Allah)  
Question: Whose obedience is supreme? It seems Rasool’s! Does then Allah’s obedience take a secondary or inferior status? And Does Rasool take a preference over and above Allah?  
3. Verse 4/65: Fa laa wa Rabbika laa yuminoon hatta yuhakkimooka fi maa shajara bayinahum; thumma la yajidu fi anfusihim harajan mimma qadhayita wa yusallimu tasleema.  
(So, nay, and Your Rabb is witness that they do not become momineen unless they authorize you to make decisions in matters of differences amongst them; and subsequently, do not find within themselves resentment upon what you have decreed; and surrender (to that) wholeheartedly).  
Question: Does it again mean that Rasool in his personal capacity as HAAKIM/LEADER was the final legislator/authority?  
The above verses force upon the Momineen to obey the orders of RASOOL.  
And then it is emphasized upon us by Ulema that Rasool’s obedience is through Hadith; and therefore, Hadith is the decision making authority.  
BUT the question arises here, was the Rasool the original source of law/legislation? The answer is: NO.  
Rasool was ordered to enforce only Allah’s orders by following the values and principles prescribed by Allah in HIS Book. See below :  
1. Verse 4/105: Inna anzalna ilayika al-Kitaba bil Haq li Tahkum bayinan Naasi bi ma araak Allah.  
(Verily, We have presented to you the Book with Haqq so that you make decisions/rulings amongst humans as you are shown by Allah.)  
2. Verse 5/48: Fa Ahkum bayinahum bi ma anzala Allah.  
(Pass orders/judgements among them according to what Allah has prescribed).  
Wa la tattabi’ ahwaa’ahum ‘amma jaa’aka min al-Haq.  
(And follow their wishes not when Al-HAQ (QURAN) has come to you).  
Therefore, it is evident that according to the values and principles set forth by Quran, no central authority of a government (that may be the Rasool or his successor) has the right to :-  
1. judge and decide among people as per his own wishes;  
2. decide against those commandments that are described in the Divine Book;  
Verse 18/26: Laa yushrik fi hukmihi ahadan.  
(HE does not delegate his right of rule to anyone; or does not let any one share his authority)  
Verse 12/40: Inil Hukmu illa Lillah  
(The Authority is for God alone)  
Amara alla ta’budu illa Iyyahu.  
(HE has ordered not to obey any one except HIM (the Divine values and principles)  
Zaalika ad-Deen al-Qayyam, wa laakinna akthara an-Naas la ya’lamoon.  
(This is the stable way of life, though the majority of humans are not aware).  
HE directed Rasool to affirm this by a direct comment from him:  
Verse 6/115: Afa ghayir Allahi abtaghi Hakaman, wa huwa allazi anzala ilayikum al-Kitaba mufassilan.  
(Why should I seek as authority other than Allah, whereas HE is the ONE WHO has presented to you the detailed/decisive set of values and principles - Book).  
7/3: Attabi’u maa unzila ilayikum min rabbikum wa la tattabi’oo min doonihi aowliyaa’…..  
(Follow only that which is prescribed for you by your Nourisher; and do not follow patrons besides HIM).  
Verse 3/79: Ma kaana li basharin un yu’tiyahu Allah al-Kitaba wa al-Hukma wa al-Nabuwwata thumma yaqula linnaasi koonu ibadan li min doon Allah…  
(Not fair for any human who may be bestowed by Allah with the Book, and the Authority and the Prophethood, to command humans to become his subjects, by leaving Allah aside…).  
Verse: 6/62: Ala lahu al-Hukm wa huwa asra’ul Hasibeen  
(Decisions/Authority is His absolute right and he is the most rapid account-taker)  
Verse 57/5: Wa ila Allahi turja’ul umoor  
(And all orders/decisions revert to Allah’s laws)  
Verse 6/9: Oolaaika allazina hadallah fa bihadaahum aqtadahu.  
(These are the people – Messengers and their guided nations – whom Allah has given Guidance. So, follow the Guidance given to them)  
Please note: follow the GUIDANCE GIVEN TO THEM – not “follow them” – Allah did not say “aqtadahum”!!!  
In the end something that would make you numb with fear :  
Verses 69/44-6: Wa lou taqawwal ‘alayina ba’adh al-aqaweel, la akhazna min hu bil yameen thumma la qata’na min hu al-wateen.  
(And had he (the Prophet) fabricated some sayings in OUR name – on OUR behalf – WE would have seized him by his right hand and would have slit his throat open).  
I hope this helps you in arriving at a decision on the AUTHORITY/Itaa’at of Rasool.  

Comments by: Maniza On 14 October 2010
Salam and blessings,  
It is beutifully explained by all, I tried to save it to send to others and also to save it for the future, but unfortualy all i got was a box.  
dear adnan bhai, can you plz change it so we can copy and paste from the blog.

Comments by: Mubashir Syed On 14 October 2010 Edit DeleteReport Abuse
Dear Maniza, this can be done by copy pasting each idividual comment and question to email body. This is how i do to email important questions and comments to my mailing distro.  
Just wanted to pass a work around until Brother Adnan can change copy paste format as requested by you.  
Mubashir Syed.

Resprected Dr.Qamar Zaman Sahab, In Quran Allah(swt) called Rasool-Allah "Uswa-e-Hasana".What is the real meaning of it?what is practical application of it today? Question by: Rehan_Khan From INDIA (BHOPAL) On 17/03/2010
Respected Dr Qamar Zaman Sahab, In Quran there are so many verses which indicate that we must follow Rasool-allah(PBUH).Please-Please..., explain me clear meaning of those verses in the light of Quran. Question by: Rehan_Khan From INDIA (BHOPAL) On 02/05/2010
Salaam, please explain what "haq mehr" is ? No im not getting married, but i need to know how much i have to give in Mahr if i ever get married. I dont want to do amanat main khayanat :-O Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 13/12/2010
Dear Aastana Members! The religious people will never be agreed to listen any word against their religion/rituals,what policy/way we may adopt to preach/convince them about the true Deen e islam, with out quarreling/ isolation in present scenario?? Question by: naeem sheikh From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 28/08/2011
what is the meaning of yaqoot stone are it is useful for muslims or harmful Question by: m siddique From PAKISTAN (HARIPUR) On 09/11/2012
Respected Dr. Sb, Don't you think this topic "AtiuAllah wa AtiurRasool" needs a separate article? When we dialogue they insist it is about Rasool Muhammad as Quran is delivered to him. And they say SUNNAT is Muqaddam to Alkitaab.Now this it too much. Question by: shaista From PAKISTAN (LAHORE) On 06/01/2014
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