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al imran,ayath 39  
zakriya (a,s) mehrab me kade hokar kiya qayam kar rehe the
Add Your Comments  Question by: MAJEED KHAN On 13 May 2010
Comments by: aurangzaib On 18 May 2010Report Abuse
Dear brother Majeed Khan,  
Your question is answered. Please click on this link

Comments by: Dr. Qamar Zaman On 20 May 2010
Dear Majeed Bhai Assalam-o-alaikum.  
First thing to be cleared in this verse is a word محراب . This word is made from the root Letters ح ر ب which means War. Now the word محراب is made according to Paradigm مفعا ل the other words made according to this paradigm are مفتاح مشعال میزان .  
مفتاح means an instrument which is used to open a lock .  
مشعال means an instrument which is used to lit a fire.  
میزان means an instrument which is used for weighing.  
From these examples it has become clear that words made on the basis of paradigm مفعال has the inherent meaning of being instrumental. In Arabic grammar it is called اسم الا لھ .  
Now the word محراب is from حرب which means war. So the meanings of محراب is the instrumental thing used in war and it means A Guard’s Post called in Urdu جنگی چوکی . Rest is for you to imagine.  
I thought the matter is clear and hence I limited myself upto explaining the word محراب but after reading the discussion going on Blog I thought necessary to take this matter in detail to get rid of all confusions. The word محراب has appeared thrice in relation to prophet Zakaria. Sura 19 verse 5 and Sura 3 verse 37 and 39  
Sura 19 verse 5 says,  
وَإِنِّي خِفْتُ الْمَوَالِيَ مِنْ وَرَائِي وَكَانَتِ امْرَأَتِي عَاقِرًا فَهَبْ لِي مِنْ لَدُنْكَ وَلِيًّا
“The usual translation is “Behold I am afraid of my kinsfolk after I am gone, for my wife has always been barren. Bestow, then, upon me out of they grace the gift of a successor. Who will be my heir as well as heir of the house of Yaqub and make him O my sustainer well pleasing to you.”  
There is one very important point to note i.e,  
- Is he asking for a son to be legal heir of his property and the property of his forefathers?  
- is he asking for a leader from his nation ?  
If he and his forefathers were busy in making property then it is justified from him to ask from the sustainer for a son so that he gets a legal heir to his savings of his lifetime.  
But considering the status and stature of prophet Zakaria it is not acceptable, then ultimately the other choice is the leader for the nation, because he has become too old to handle the problems of the nation and he is not finding any dynamic person who can ultimately take the responsibility of a nation. He is asking for an heir to inherit the Heritage of Divine Ideology and not the property.  
There is one very important word in this verse to be studied, and it is امْرَأَتِي . The usual translation is Wife considering the wish of Zakaria for a son.  
The root letters of this word are م رء the meanings of the root letters is easily digestible, tasty, wholesome , beneficial, to be like a woman, conducive to health, to be manly , manful brave , humanity etc (all meanings quoted from dictionary by F. Steingass) the meanings in all the dictionaries ,are the same ..  
Now if you take wish of prophet Zakaria for a son then the meaning of مْرَأَتِي ا will be wife  
But if you disagree with the concept of Zakarias wish for a son as an heir for the property then you have to decide what مْرَأَتِي ا will mean. A leader comes from the nation. A very common sentence in Urdu is “اس قوم نے کوئی لیڈر پید ا نھین کیا “ Nation gives birth to leaders. “ اگر قوم بانجھ ھے تو لیڈر نھین پیدا ھوتا “ It is in this meaning that word امراتی is used .  
It is was the time when Prophet Zakaria had become too old to manage the state affairs and there was no leader who could take over the matters of the state  
So he is asking for a leader as he has lost his majestic honor and power and control over the governing heads “اشتعل الر اس “ .the word عظم means dignity honor, power. The heads have become provocative because of being old  
Although he never slacked in inviting people to sustainer.  
Hence he is afraid of people coming after him that they will not continue ,and that his community has always failed in producing a leader.  
Now coming to verse 19 -11  
فَخَرَجَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ مِنَ الْمِحْرَابِ فَأَوْحَى إِلَيْهِمْ أَنْ سَبِّحُوا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا
He came out of the post and told them to struggle day and night. The same meanings should be applied for the word محراب and امراتی at other places in Quran and you will be astonished to note how clearly Quran explains itself.  

Comments by: shireen On 21 May 2010Report Abuse
salaam Dr. Sahib, mashaAllah, very well explained. but does the word "imraati" always mean -"nation" or also means wife/man etc. because lot of verses in Quran have the meaning wife for the word "imraati" eg: 2:282, 3:35, 4:12, 4:128,7:83 and lot others. how do you explain 3:35 if here also imraati is used in relation to Imran. Plz explain in english. thank you.

Comments by: Dr. Qamar Zaman On 21 May 2010
Yes the word is used for someones spouse also as far as I have studied Quran. But It is my initial impression and needs detailed research work. however my impression is that whereever this word is used in relation to prophets it is either their nation or community or society.

Comments by: shireen On 22 May 2010Report Abuse
salaam Dr. Sahib,  
thank you for your kind reply.

Comments by: moazzam On 24 May 2010
Respected Dr Qamar sahab salam wa rahma alaikum,although ur explaination of verse 3/39 could also enlighten us as a new horizon of thoughts,but with due honor i would like to share my opinions at this point.The following point to be kept in mind before going to digest ur explanation. 1:-The son of nabi coud be the successor of his dawat"idiology" (not only personal property). 2:-In the case of Zakariya's successor, the Ibrahim and ishaq could be the example.3:- As the meaning of "Imra" at 2/282,3/35,4/12,128 7,83 are considered as woman(spouse),also the plain meaning of this verse 3/39 , satisfy the usual translation with out any garble in understanding exept the meaning of "mehrab".4:- check the verse 21/90 then keeping in view the verse 8/2 ,the usual translation seems correct . 5:- In sora 19, from the begining to verse 34 the the story of Zakariya must be seen as attached with the story of Maryam.In my opinion, while explaination of Quran we should try to restrain ourself as possible as we can to the plain meaning of Quran ,if divine message does't devastate or change the tue sense .Ur student (talib e ilm) moazzam.

Comments by: Dr. Qamar Zaman On 27 May 2010
Dear Moazzam Bhai, Assalam-o-Aalaikum,  
Yes you are right that,  
1. The son of Nabi could be the successor of his Dawat "ideology" (not only personal property). And  
2. Secondly we can stick to the plain meaning of Quran, if divine message doesn’t devastate or change the true sense.  
Let me put a question, Does concept of continuing of ideology by the coming generation has any preference over continuation of ideology by a follower with equal understanding ?  
If there is any preference of a “Son“ over a follower then the Quran has undoubtedly stressed the inheritance by using the word “ Son “ as a begotten son of a prophet .  
Otherwise people start taking the inheritance of ideology running in families and you can see that so many personality cults have appeared claiming nobility on the basis of relations e.g. Syeds in Islam, Brahmans in Hindus, Fareesees in Jews etc .  
Let me categorically state that Quran has not used the words “ ولد “ or “ غلا م” for a begotten son even if they were real ( begotten ) son. You must have seen people like Justice Javed Iqbal s/o Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal whenever talks about Allama Iqbal never mentions his relation unless the question is asked mentioning his paternal relation, Otherwise he says Allama Sahib and sometimes even only Iqbal.  
Benazeer never said for his father “my father“ she always said “Bhutto “ Same is the case with Zia ul Haq. His son only occasionally mentions his name as my father.  
Please note that I have mentioned these names only to explain that “relation has no importance in acquiring knowledge“ otherwise I have no political affiliation with anybody.  
The word “ امراۃ “ wherever used in relation to prophets always means their people. In 3/35 & 7/83 the word امراۃ also means his people or his Society.

Comments by: moazzam On 27 May 2010 Edit Delete
Dr. Qamarzaman sahab regards, thanks for reply and elaboration the word "imra".Plz consolidate the verse 21/90 with sora MURYAM vese 5--34.Kindly solve the query.

Sir, Asa If Namaaz is not the Salaat of the Quran, how it came into existance.Why no scholar oposed it . From where we got the 'tariqa e namaaz'? Pl answer . Question by: shakir azim On 29/12/2009
salam Sir, Would you like me to tell how namaz introduced to Islam? Question by: Rehan_Khan From INDIA (BHOPAL) On 11/01/2010
salam, If Namaaj is a word of persian Origin, that means worship of fire, how come arab people perform same rituals saying it Sal'at as we do In Namaj in rest of the world? Question by: parwezjamal On 31/01/2010
Dear Sir, I am awais worrid about your explanation according to your search and discribe detial you mean hum ko phir yah NAMAZ nahi parni chay. Sir i need proper answer kio kay namaz to sari dunia parti hay our KABAB main be reality??????????. Question by: awais On 05/02/2010
Dear Sir, I send you my question about NAMAZ and you told me your question is totaly wrong under section book this and that i need aunswer and you told me that you ordered this book and that book ap namaz say logo ko muna kar rhay ho give answer Question by: awais On 07/02/2010
dear sir assalam alaik i want to know about namaz that how this totally entered in islam and hijack the total islam and failure of islam's bigest reason in my opinion is also this namaz which we offerering in the world have u any solution? Question by: awtunio From PAKISTAN (LARKANA) On 11/02/2010
How did Prophet (SA) perform salat? How many times and how many rakats? How did first four Khalifs performed?Salats? And how does the Quran shows to peroform salaats? Please do show some guidelines on the above questions.Thanks. Question by: MohYam On 03/03/2010
Dear sir,I did read the HES on the left,but my questions are still unanswered, How did Rasool SA,performe salaat? And how does Quran expalain to do it? How many rakats and sajdas are there in Salaat in the Quran?where? Question by: MohYam On 05/03/2010
Salam.....ahadis me salat ko salat hi kaha gya hai... phr Namaz word kahan se AAYa??? Imam Bukhari or Muslim Shareef me b word Salat hi likha hua hai??? Haqiqat e Salat me jo turjuma hai wo ks buniyad pr kiaya gaya??? Question by: UMAR HUSSAIN On 29/03/2010
Dear Dr Sahib, Salaam, just to bring to your notice that, in your book of haqiqat-e-salaat, page 84, the ayat from surah al-Ahzab should be 56 and not 52 as mentioned. salaam Question by: shireen On 02/04/2010
please let me know as there is clrealy written in Quran ... sora... jumma regarding namaz and wazu.... can anyone please explain it to me???????? Question by: Adnan Khan On 10/02/2010
Sir slam , How can we establish ( iqamat ) the Divine political-social-economic system (es-salaat ) ? What should we do for it ? Question by: Hafiz Abdullah From PAKISTAN (RAWALPINDI) On 06/05/2010
dear dr qamar zaman i would like to ask you about 'DUA'what islam says about dua should we do dua .can we do it for others and ourselves.wht is the massage of quran about this.thanks Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 06/05/2010
dear mr aurangzeb you claim that Namaz is a zoroastonism worship can you prove it.if i say that namaz is not salat but it is a small part of salat is it wrong?plz elaborate whether namaz is a part of salat or not Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 08/05/2010
dear dr qamar zaman or mr aurangzebi have heard from Mullas that anal sex with your wife is haram in islam.throw some light on this in the light of Quran.Sir Dont mind for this question but i fell no shame in knowing about islam. Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 09/05/2010
dear mr aurangzeb plz tell me why Allah has mentioned the scientific discoveries of today, 1400 years ago in quran?how could a common man of that age understand it Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 09/05/2010
dear brother aurangzeb people tell me that the word salat mean exactly namaz .when i ask them why allah has not given the details of salat they say allah sent his massanger to show namaz practically.there fore we have to accept ahadith.plz eaborate ? Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 11/05/2010
Mr.Bilal khan,ask the people,that complet method of "wozoo"(as per their believe, which is the preparation of namaz) is given in Quran,but the way to perform the "namaz"is not?plz read "HAQEEQAT E SALAT",HAQEEQAT E HADITH,TAHQEEQ NAMAZ O SALAT. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 11/05/2010
Salam...aap ne lafz SALAT k jo meaning batae hen apni kitab me, wo ks arbaic lughat se akhaz kiye gaye hen?? Question by: UMAR HUSSAIN On 13/05/2010
dear brother auranzaib, how can we establish salat today.because many people do not even leave us to talk about the difference between salat and namaz. Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 15/05/2010
Salam....PLZ define.... AL- Imran,ayat 39,Zakriya (A.S) Mehrab me khade hokar kiya qayam kar rehe they?? Question by: UMAR HUSSAIN On 16/05/2010
For ADNAN Sb. *** Bukhari, Kitabul Nikkah Hadees # 218 (Rasool S.A.W. se Ansari Aurat ke gahalt rawabit ki Hadees) is hadis me gustakhi kahaw se aagai?? logo k saamne aik mrd 2sri aurat se bat kr skta hai..aap S.A.W.W ne b yahi kya tha. Question by: UMAR HUSSAIN On 22/05/2010
dear aurangzaib or dr qamar is performing "Ghusal"neccesary acc to quran,or it isalso a fabrication.what is the correct way of it if it is neccessary.plz explain Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 25/05/2010
Auranzeb bhai, 24:58 mein salate fajar aur isha ka zikar hai, jab ke 17:78 mein daloke shams se ghaske lail tak salat ka hukum hai.aik jaga wqt btya gaya ha dosri jga daloke shams se ghasake lail tk ka hukum araha hai, is bat ko zara wazeh kijeye. Question by: Nadeem_Akhtar From PAKISTAN On 04/06/2010
daer aurangzaib or qamar zaman i argued with a person that we can not learn namaz from ahadith and it is unislamic but he told me namaz is from the time of prophet and it is constanly tranfered from one generation to anothe and it is not from ahadith Question by: bilal_khan5181 From PAKISTAN On 24/06/2010
i agree with dr qamar zaman that salat is not namaz but i strongly disagree with him in saying that NAMAZ IS nothing to do with islam.namaz is a small part of salat.allama pervez also accepts was impossible to mislead all the muslim Question by: zakaullah41 On 09/07/2010
salam aastana team, may i know when will haqeeqat-e-salat be available in english for us to read? Question by: shireen On 20/07/2010
Great Article on Salat, please also elaborate on the Quranic concept of Masjid. Salam Khurram Question by: Kjahan From AUSTRALIA (SYDNEY) On 23/07/2010
Dear Dr. sahib kindly re-elaborate clearly 2: 238-239 and 24: 58 as I am not clear about the interpretation of these verses regarding salaat . Question by: Hafiz Abdullah From PAKISTAN (RAWALPINDI) On 05/08/2010
salaam, all exec members of aastana. haqeeqat-e-salat is still pending to be uploaded in english. plz am waiting very eagerly. Question by: shireen On 12/08/2010
Salam Dr Sb, I would like to ask if we have the evidence that confirms that the written record of the early history of muslim era has been destroyed. I do believe that it would have happened as it is not possible that nothing used to be written. Question by: mahmoodtahir From CANADA (REGINA) On 28/10/2010
If SALAT was not Namaz of today then why were so many mosques built by the early Muslims. There is enough evidence of mosques being built during the time of Prophet Muhammad and used for religious purpose. Can anybody comment Shariq Question by: SS From CANADA (VANCOUVER) On 10/12/2010
assalmualikum brother how can i download your books or mazameen my email id is Question by: mahameed From INDIA (HYDERABAD) On 12/12/2010
sir your book on hijab does not give the real meanig of hijab it seems more interpretation . please give more information about hijab Question by: mahameed From INDIA (HYDERABAD) On 12/12/2010
Dr.Qamarzaman! As you elaborated the verse 10/87 in HAQEEQATR-E-SALAT page no 82-83,kindly read my comments and enlighten us about some queries. Question by: moazzam From PAKISTAN (ISLAMABAD) On 23/02/2011
AOA People who have transferred Quran to us were the same people who transferred numaz to us ... This is what they call 'Twatur' ... if we doubt authenticity of numaz then it is very logical to doubt authenticity of Quran ... plz ans ... Question by: muddassarali27 From PAKISTAN On 01/03/2011
Salam If numaz is not obligatory as you say ... I am wondering ... why no one has ever disputed its existence ... how come it reveals to you 1400 years later and all that time people wasted their time praying? Question by: muddassarali27 From PAKISTAN On 01/03/2011
Dear all, Salaam, I want to know about "HAQIQAT E ZAKAAT" in detail. 2ndly please tell me the law/order of quran about "Natural Sources"i.e Erath, Water etc, I want to know why every person has no equal rights to use them.. Question by: manzar From PAKISTAN (SHEIKHUPURA) On 06/04/2011
SALAAMUN ALAIKUM TO ALL. Would someone, in a succinct and cogent a manner as possible, please tell me, ACCORDING to Al-Quran, what is salat, exactly? Also, what is zakat, exactly. Thank you. Tariq Dhulqarnain- Question by: DHULQARNAIN From UNITED STATES On 10/06/2011
SALAA IS ALLEGIANCE TO ALLAH. THIS ALLEGIANCE TO ALLAH, IS CARRIED OUT VIA 6:106 6:106 Follow that which is revealed to thee from thy Lord — there is no god but He; and turn away from the polytheists/mushrikeen. AGREE OR...DISAGREE? Question by: DHULQARNAIN From UNITED STATES On 13/06/2011
pls. tell which ayat of quran was read continously/many times by rasool (s.a)?? pls. also tell the sura and why he read it continously? pls reply as quickly as possible...! Question by: abrar7866 From PAKISTAN (KARACHI) On 14/08/2011
SA Had some discussions on Facebook, going to post some of the notes and replies here WHAT IS RUKOOH ? Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/04/2012
From Facebook, IS THE QURAN CHANGED AND IT IS DIVINE ? Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/04/2012
Question from Facebook, what does the numbers in 9:36 means Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/04/2012
Question from Facebook, what is WUDHU ? Rub your head? clean your face with dirt? Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/04/2012
Question from Quranology Group on Facebook, Explain 24:58 , fajr isha "Namaz" Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 03/04/2012
Dear SIr, If Salat is not Namaz, then what is the true meaning of Salat and how does one offer it or pray it. Please help me i am in a state of confusion and trying hard to get to the reality? Question by: habeebuddins From SAUDI ARABIA (JEDDAH) On 29/04/2012
Some question about ownership concept Question by: waseemameer From AUSTRALIA (SYDNEY) On 22/12/2012
Dear sir salaam pls Explain 2/282ياأيُّها الَّذِين آمنُوا إِذَا تَدَايَنْتُم بِدَينٍ.....ز Question by: saidalavi ansari From INDIA (KERALA) On 25/12/2012
Assalamu Aleikkum, Mr.abdullahbashoeb, so do u mean dat der isnt namaaz??? Question by: SHANU IQBAL From SAUDI ARABIA (DHAHRAN) On 30/03/2013
Assalamu aleikkum, actully wat is d diffrence between salat, and namaz???arnt dey havng d same meaning??? Question by: SHANU IQBAL From SAUDI ARABIA (DHAHRAN) On 30/03/2013
Please comment on the following link criticizing Dr. Qamar Zaman on "Wudhu" (Ablution). Thanks Question by: Hilal From UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (RAS AL-KHAIMAH) On 19/05/2013
DUA Question by: Nargis From BARBADOS (KIO BATAO?) On 02/09/2013
Asalam o alikum, Dr. Sahab bare karam ye batye ki Nabi-e Karim (S) ne kitni shadiya ki aur unke naam bhi bataye. Brahe karam jawab thoda jaldi mil jaye to bahot achha hoga. Question by: Saleem Ahmed Shaikh From INDIA (AURANGABAD) On 08/01/2014
Namaz -e- Jinaza k barey mey brief kurey plz Question by: Dr Shahid Chaudhary From SAUDI ARABIA (UNAIZA) On 02/07/2014
Salam Sir,When Qur'an as guidance and Quran itself explain it, in ablution for example, why Allah use words: faces, head, hands, etc. In meanwhile yr explanation to ablution verse above utterly not about part bodies? when did mistranslated happen? Question by: setiadi ihsan From INDONESIA (JAKARTA) On 26/11/2015
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